Spain

西班牙

James Gleeson 詹姆斯格莱森
Painting,oil on canvas
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Spain - James GLEESON

属性

油画,画布油画

Painting,oil on canvas

来自

悉尼,新南威尔士,澳大利亚

Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

时间

1951

尺寸

w470 x h670 cm

版权

Purchased with the assistance of James Agapitos OAM and Ray Wilson OAM 2007

詹姆斯格莱森,生于1915年,是澳大利亚最著名的超现实主义者,也是最长的实践者和主要的倡导者。事实上,他说,“我生来就是个超现实主义者”。20世纪30年代末,受萨尔瓦多·达利和乔治·德奇里科等艺术家的影响,格莱森开始创作他的第一幅超现实主义作品。然而,由于第二次世界大战的影响,他直到1948年才能够前往欧洲,亲眼看到西方艺术的伟大作品,1948年夏天,格莱森第一次来到意大利。他在西斯廷教堂看到了米开朗基罗的天花板,被它所展现的人是上帝形象中完美的创造物所淹没。在随后的一小批作品中,包括1951年的西班牙,古典构思的男性裸体成为作品的焦点。在这幅美丽而神秘的画中,一个男性人物俯视着一个由贵重金属和宝石组成的漂浮的女性人物。在中间远处,一群戴着诡异头巾、身着西班牙宗教裁判所牧师服装的忏悔者在招手。远处的山峦显露出一个沉睡的男性形象——立刻,天空和大地的一部分。格莱森高超的绘图技巧和绘画技巧在他对两个主要人物的处理上表现得淋漓尽致,这两个人物是柔软的活生生的身体,与坚硬的、没有生命的石头形成鲜明对比

James Gleeson, born in 1915, is Australia’s best known Surrealist, its longest practitioner and leading advocate. Indeed, he says, ‘I was born a Surrealist’. In the late 1930s, influenced by artists such as Salvador Dalí and Giorgio de Chirico, Gleeson began painting his first surrealist works. However, due to the Second World War, he was not able to travel to Europe until 1948 and see firsthand the great works of Western art.In the summer of 1948, Gleeson travelled to Italy for the first time. He saw Michelangelo’s ceiling at the Sistine Chapel and was overwhelmed by its presentation of the man as a perfect creation in the image of God. In a small group of subsequent works, including Spain 1951, the classically conceived male nude becomes the focus of the work. In this beautiful and mysterious painting, a male figure looks down towards a levitating female figure composed of precious metals and stones. In the middle distance, a group of eerily hooded penitents, robed in the manner of priests during the Spanish Inquisition, beckon. The distant mountains reveal a sleeping male figure – at once, part of the sky and the land. Gleeson’s superb draughtsmanship and mastery of paint is evident in his handling of the two main figures, soft living flesh contrasted with hard, lifeless stone.Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 2010