The Blind Leading the Blind, circa1568


Pieter Bruegel the Elder 老勃鲁盖尔

The Blind Leading the Blind, circa1568 - Pieter Brueghel , le Vieux (1528-1569) (d'après), Paris, musée du Louvre



Huile sur bois


122 x 170 cm


Paris, musée du Louvre. Département des peintures



Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (musée du Louvre) / Michel Urtado

六个盲人排成一排走出一个村庄。他们都互相挽着肩膀,抓着棍子以免迷路。然而排在队伍中的第一个人,看上去和其他人一样黯淡,却掉进了沟里,让第二个人也摔倒了。第三个人开始失去平衡了。其他更深入的人是否意识到前方的戏剧性?这幅画描绘了几个不同的人在身体语言中跌倒的不同阶段。它说明了耶稣在马太福音书(15:14)中讲的一个寓言:“不要管他们,他们是瞎子的领袖。瞎子若领瞎子,二人都要倒在沟里,路加福音(6:39)就对他们说比喻,瞎子能领瞎子吗?他们不都掉进沟里吗?”这个关于精神失明的宗教寓言也是布鲁格尔道德画作《十二佛兰德谚语》的灵感来源,该画作描绘了信仰和如何生活。这一警告信息突显了那些盲目追随他人思想的人的错误做法。在彼特·布鲁格尔(Pieter Bruegel)时期,荷兰处于西班牙的统治之下,资产阶级和专制国家之间开始了一场激烈的新教和天主教斗争,这场斗争将持续80年,造成一种深深的不信任和不稳定。这幅画是保存在那不勒斯卡波迪蒙特国家博物馆的原作的旧复制品。卢浮宫的复制品状况更好:它的颜色更暖更亮,而且保留了原作丢失的一些细节,同样珍贵。我们看到像牛、鹅这样的动物和它们的饲养员。原始文字左边的悬崖也被灌木丛所取代。

Six blind men walk out of a village in single file. They are all holding each other's shoulders and clutching sticks to avoid getting lost. Yet the first man in the line, who looks just as lackluster as the rest, falls into a ditch, making the second man fall too. And the third man is starting to lose his balance. Are the others further down the line aware of the drama that lies ahead?This painting depicts the different stages of a fall through the body language of several different people. It illustrates a parable told by Jesus in the Gospels of Matthew (15:14), "Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch," and Luke (6:39), "And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? Shall they not both fall into the ditch?" This religious parable on spiritual blindness was also the inspiration for Bruegel's moral painting "Twelve Flemish Proverbs," which depicts faith and how to live one's life. This message of caution highlights the erroneous approach of those who blindly follow the ideas of others.In Pieter Bruegel's time, the Netherlands was under Spanish rule, and a fierce Protestant vs Catholic struggle between the bourgeoisie and the absolutist state began which would rage on for 80 years, creating a climate of deep mistrust and instability.This painting is an old copy of the original kept in Naples at the Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte. The Louvre's copy is in a better condition: its colors are warmer and brighter, and it has retained some of the details that the original has lost, making it just as precious. We see animals such as cows and geese and their keeper. The precipice to the left of the characters in the original has also been replaced here by a thicket.